Current and Future Challenges for U.S. Manufacturing

64. The United States Lags Significantly in Graduating Engineers

By any interpretation of recent numbers, the U.S. has a considerable challenge with its engineering workforce. The latest data show that engineering degrees as a share of total first university degrees were a meager 4.4 percent. While the industry-led growth of developing economies such as China and Korea would naturally give rise to a higher share of engineering graduates than in the U.S. and other rich nations, the U.S. engineering graduate share is markedly behind Japan at 17.1 percent and Germany at 12.4 percent.
Even Canada and the UK, whose manufacturing sectors have significant competitive challenges, have higher shares of first university degrees in engineering than the United States. We must bridge this gap or risk declining competitiveness in both disruptive and incremental product innovation.

To Trade

59

Age Gap Between the Manufacturing and the Non-Farm Workforces Widens

60

U.S. Students Are Not Competitive in Math Skills

61

U.S. Students Are Not Competitive in Science Skills

62

The Manufacturing Workforce Has Become More Educated

63

The Manufacturing Workforce Is Behind in Higher Education

64

The United States Lags Significantly in Graduating Engineers